Evergreen tree varieties that are suitable for shade management and maintenance should be planted in shaded areas. Shade tolerant evergreens for shade zone five are commonly available and are the most effective way to control shade and moisture at the same time. They are typically sold as small evergreens for shade zone five, but they can also be used in other parts of a landscape.
The evergreen tree is a wonderful source of aromatic oil and canes are used for decorating patios, decks, walkways and ornamental pathways. Some evergreen trees have bark that peels, revealing fissures or cracks along the bark. Choose an evergreen tree with smooth bark and no discoloration. Shrubs are usually sold as self-limiting evergreen trees. These should be planted away from other shrubs, as their roots will often interdigitate with other types.
To determine the specific evergreen required for a given area, identify the Shade Conditions Available in the Garden. In full shade, evergreen tree foliage is dark green with noticeable veins running along the branches. In mixed shade, the evergreen tree foliage will be lighter green with slightly darker veins. In shade less than fifteen percent, the evergreen tree foliage should be almost gray. Full Shade zones should be planted with evergreens in the north and south evergreen tree zones.
The evergreen tree needs to be planted to replace grass and shrubs that have been removed to improve soil, plant nutrients and prevent weed development. An evergreen tree needs to be planted after removing all lawn grass and sod from the area and before laying down hard packed mulch. The lawn grass and sod will need to remain on the ground to help keep it moist. The mulch will help prevent weeds from growing.
Planting evergreen trees is much different than planting most trees. Most evergreens are planted as bare-root plants, although some can be potted. If planted in pots, they should be planted in partial shade with light exposure to the sun. Evergreen bark will harden when exposed to light, so any shade surrounding the evergreen tree should be used to help the tree endure.
When evergreens tree planting, use mulch around the base of the evergreen tree. Mulch helps retain moisture and keeps soil temperatures cooler during winter months. Pest prevention will also help prevent disease and insect infestations. diseased evergreens are an eye sore for homeowners and should be removed at the first sign of decay.
A well chosen shade evergreen tree will require less attention than many other types of tree. However, many evergreens are very delicate and should be cared for as you would any other shrub. They require regular trimming and pruning to keep them healthy. Branches should be trimmed regularly and new growth should be pruned into the yard as soon as it appears. Mowing the evergreen tree often with a hedge trimmer will help keep the shape of the evergreen tree intact.
It is best to plant an evergreen tree that requires little maintenance. Some evergreens do require annual cleaning or pruning to remove dead limbs and re-grow new ones. Other types of evergreen trees like ficus, junipers and spruces do not need much care when evergreens tree planting. Other types of trees, such as oaks, need to be watered often during the summer to prevent drying out and are best planted in full sun.
When evergreen tree planting, consider the location of the tree. Evergreens are extremely versatile trees and can be placed practically anywhere. If you are evergreen tree planting in a shaded area, you will need to choose a tree that will not be easily damaged by the sun’s rays. Sun damage is the number one reason why evergreens are damaged. Trees that grow well in shaded areas are ficus, spruces, junipers and oaks.
When evergreen tree planting in a sunny but shaded area choose a tree that will grow with little or no care. The evergreen tree will handle afternoon frosts better than in areas of high heat. If you live in an area where morning frosts are not common, choose an evergreen tree that grows best in milder climates.
In areas that are cool and not always shaded choose evergreen trees that are evergreen to begin with. If you are evergreen tree planting and your chosen tree needs some sunlight, plant it in the shade. Do not over-plant evergreens because they will burn very easily in hot temperatures. Evergreen trees also do not need much caring for except for trimming a few leaves every now and again. Some of the evergreens that do need caring for include, red cedars, sycamore, evergreen spades, red maple, spruce and red fir. They are also easy to grow.